विश्व जल दिवस --२२ मार्च


Reforms in Water Sector
(On the Occasion of 22nd March-World Water Day)

Since the beginning of human history, there have been wars over water issues. It is being said that there could be war over water in future. The conflict is over how water is perceived, valued and treated. Water is life saviour elixir. The importance of water as a vital resource to the life system and an essential component of societal development can not be over emphasized. Over the years, many ancient civilizations emphasized on various mechanisms of water collection & distribution.

The eighth five year plan of the Govt. of India outlined a key principle for the sector - Water being managed as a commodity and not a free service. The National Water Policy of 2002 favours widespread private sector participation in the country’s water management ….. Wherever feasible, public-private partnerships should be encouraged in such a manner that we can attract private investment in the development and management of water resources.

Water services in Uttarakhand is being transformed through a major process of reform i.e. sector vide approach in rural water supply sector. This involves the implementation of community driven model in the water and sanitation sector in rural water supply schemes with the help of World Bank. In this programme, the ownership of water supply is transferred to the communities after the capacity building of gram panchayats to prepare them to handle the Water Supply Scheme successfully. Success in water management through water user association is because of development of ownership feeling with precious water assets and water structures in their own area.

Water management through users groups is attaining a global phenomenon. In India, 73rd constitution amendment empowers state govt. to endow the PRI’s with powers and responsibilities for natural resource management through PRI’s. There is a need to shift from merely water exploitation activities to resource management activities & awareness creation among masses.

By---Neelima Garg ( executive engineer –Uttarakhand jal sansthan )

Comments

neeshoo said…
इस पोस्ट के लिए शुक्रिया । आज जल दिवस और शायद आपकी यह पहली पोस्ट इस विषय पर । गंभीर मुद्दा है जल पर लोग अचेत हैं । धन्यवाद

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